I've always been interested in local history but had never thought to look if Penistone, or any of the surrounding area, was mentioned in the copy of the Domesday Book that I own. The bench shows a simplified version of the entry which according to my book translates as:
In OXSPRING and ROUGHBIRCHWORTH, Swein had 2 carucates of land to the geld, and there could be 2 ploughs. Ilbert has it, and it is waste. TRE it was worth 20s. [There is] woodland pasture 6 furlongs long and 3 broad.Apparently TRE stands for the Latin "Tempore Regis Edwardi" which translates to "in the time of King Edward", i.e. before the 1066 conquest. A few pages earlier there is the entry for Penistone which apparently translates as:
In PENISTONE, Alric had 10 bovates of land to the geld, and there could be 1 carucate of land[sic]. Now the same man has it of Ilbert, and it is waste. TRE it was worth 20s.Whilst the post isn't really about the photograph I did do a little work on it for the post; adjust the colour balance and contrast to make the words stand out a little more than they did in the original.